Winter 2024

The world of ESL is evolving rapidly, reflecting learners’ changing needs and aspirations. This is especially true in two of the largest growth areas: young learners and English for specific purposes. English is increasingly taught as an essential skill in both areas, and one significant shift in ESL teaching within university settings is the transition from predominantly academic business English skills to a focus on employability skills. It is an approach that is having a profound impact on the teaching of academic English and what might be termed general English. Teachers of all age groups are adopting a more task-based approach that reflects the importance of teaching real-world skills in global English contexts rather than concentrating on English as used predominantly in English-speaking countries. This edition’s Focus is on employability skills (for both teachers and learners).

Table of Contents

6 President’s message

7 From the Editor’s desk

8 Call for articles and reviews

10 ETAS news

11 Ask Alex

12 Types of text-based language teaching materials that generative AI does well and not so well • Steve Lander

14 Gamification in the classroom • Samvidha Srinath

16 Exclusive language ideology and solutions for inclusive language classes • Francesco Screti

18 Exploring the efficacy of home-based methods for
enhancing English pronunciation proficiency among students •
Christopher Hunt

20 Polyphonic situations – Contexts and their voices • Daniel Costa

FOCUS • Employability skills

23 Self-employability skills: The skills you need to run your own business successfully • Rachael Roberts

25 How to write for today’s readers • Carol Waites
28 “Being exclusive”: Teaching students to analyze identities across languages, cultures, and borders • Olena Marina
30 University vs eikaiwa teaching in Japan • Pak Man Au
32 A question of necessity, purely and simply • Agnès Huyton
34 Let employers tALK. Boosting students’ employability • Aleksandra Łuczak

38 Integrating employability skills into legal English teaching • Natasha Costello and Louise Kulbicki

40 Growing together: Insights from the inside
Interview with Rumana Yasin • Interviewer:
Leanne Hayes


42  Introduction • Sonja Vigneswaren and Leanne Hayes, National Events organizers 43  A bag of lexis • Marco Abbondio, Sandra Gianinazzi, and Nicola Webster

43 ESP courses at a university: Not always what you expect!

  • A panel discussion with Barbara Althaus, Guy Walker, and Sylvia Goetze

44 The future is now: Developing skills for career success • Anna Bennett

44 L is for learner: Teaching from the learner’s perspective • Natasha Costello

45 Learning strategies: What & why • Rachael Harris

46 Experiments with flipping CELTA courses • Judie Hudson

47 AI in ELT – What can it do? • Steve Lander

47 Talent or grit? • Olaf Lenders

48 For independent teachers: What’s your line? • Dorinda Maio-Phillips

49 Working in international teams: What can we do better? • Ian McMaster

49 Seeing is believing – Maximizing the benefits of video-based peer observation

for ESP teachers • Cecilia Nobre

50 Teaching writing skills to today’s adult professionals • Carol Waites

51 A beginner’s guide to podcasting: Three steps to recording • Laura Wilkes

52 TESOL Pop’s special episode of the ETAS PD Day • Laura Wilkes


53  Introduction • Carol Waites


56  Introduction to resources • Carol Waites BOOK REVIEW

57  How Languages are Learned – Fifth Edition • Patsy M. Lightbown and Nina Spada


58  AI-powered language teaching • Jo Gakonga

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Winter 2024